Provincial Archives of New Brunswick

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MC300 MS16           Wollhaupter Family Collection

Dates of creation
1790-1878; 1950

Physical description
31 cm.

Administrative history
John Wolhaupter was born in 1771 in New York , and became a watchmaker, clockmaker and silversmith.  He married Mary Payne Aycrigg in 1795. Because of their loyalist sympathies, their property was confiscated during the revolution and they came to New Brunswick sometime between 1795 and 1799.  Wolhaupter set up a jewellery and clockmaking shop in Saint John and became known as a silversmith.  The family moved to Fredericton circa 1811, opened another shop, and 1825 the business was transferred to the oldest son, Benjamin, who was born in 1800.

Benjamin Wolhaupter married Catherine Brannen in 1820.  He built a house at 97 Church Street which was later sold to Bishop Medley and became known as Bishopscote.  Wolhaupter served as Magistrate of York County; he was involved in the militia; and served as a Director of the Commercial Bank of New Brunswick.  In 1847, he became Sheriff of York County and held that position until his death in 1857.  Benjamin and Catherine Wolhaupter left three sons:  James, Charles, and George.

James Matther Wolhaupter was born in 1823, became a physician; practiced in Portland, Maine, and died in 1891.

Charles John Wolhaupter was born in 1825, became a teacher; lived in Australia for seven years; returned to New Brunswick and drowned in 1858.

George Philip Wolhaupter was born in 1827; worked as a clerk in the Surveyor-General's office; and 1854 graduated in engineering from King's College, Fredericton.  He served as organist and choirmaster at Christ Church Cathedral and was known for his collection of wildflowers and his skill in decorating programs for the Cathedral services.  In 1858, he married Harriett Amelia Carman.  Their son,Benjamin, was born in 1859.  When George died in 1860, his wife and son moved to Sarnia, Ontario.  Benjamin Wolhaupter possessed great mechanical ability, and ultimately became an engineer who specialized in railroad tracks.  He took out 215 patents for inventions, and was a successful manufacturer and businessman.  ; He died in Norwalk, Connecticut, in 1949.

Scope and content
The Wolhaupter Collection contains a variety of items which relate to four generations of the family, and dates from 1790 to 1950.  Correspondence, certificates, diary and plans which are included provide valuable insight into the members of this talented family.


No restrictions

Finding Aid
An inventory is available.


1 Certificate to John Wolhaupter from the Grand Lodge of the State of New York; June 1, 1790.

2 Receipt to John Wolhaupter from William Thain for sundry goods; Saint John, 1799.

3 Receipt to John Wolhaupter from Sayre & Richards, wholesalers, for sundry goods; New York, March 20, 1810.

4 Letter from Mattew Brannen to Benjamin Wolhaupter giving Brannen's consent to Wolhaupter's proposal of marriage to Brannen's daughter, Catharine; Fredericton, November 27, 1819.

5 Letter from Matthew Brannen to his daughter Catharine P., telling her of his approbation to Benjamin Wolhaupter's proposal; November 27, 1819.

6 Letter from Catharine P. Wolhaupter to her son, James, who was a doctor in Chatham, giving much detail concerning the sickness of her only daughter, Isabella Margaret and mentioning James McLaughlan, James Taylor, and Henry Sawyer; October 19, 1837.

7 Letter from Benjamin Wolhaupter to his brother, [Charles], concerning his [Charles] being called up as an officer during the threatened invasion, and the need to give all to protect "our country"; Fredericton, February 15, 1839.

8 Part of a diary of George P. Wolhaupter, a clerk in the Crown Land Office, which contains climatic recordings, orthnilogical and botanical observations, as well as a good deal of local news from Fredericton, also contains much on music; May 19-September 7, 1846.

9 Programme for Harriette's birthday party; June 6, 1855.

10 Christmas programme for Christ Church Cathedral; 1855.

11 Telegraph message to Mrs. J. Fraser, Chatham, from Jo Myshrall telling her of Sheriff Wolhaupter's death and asking her to inform James at once; Fredericton, January 26, 1857.

12 Certificate of Preliminary Examination to Benjamin Wolhaupter, Sarnia, from the Provincial Land Surveyors' Board of Examiners qualifying him to be apprenticed to a provincial surveyor in Ontario; October 3, 1877.

13 Graphic plan by Benjamin Wolhaupter for two walnut collection plates for St. George's Church; July 1878.

14 Letter from Alice C. Wolhaupter to Mrs. Matthewson concerning her father's pressed flowers; Albany, New York, October 7, 1950.

15 Black ink sketch of the blossom and bulb of the Common Daffodil [by George Wolhaupter]; n.d.

16 Black ink sketch of leaves [by George Wolhaupter]; n.d.

17 Map showing land owned by G.P. Wolhaupter on the Nackawick River, York County, n.d.

18 Clippings on the death of George Wolhaupter, 1860; "Mr. George Wolhaupter and the Emigrants", 1847; the death of Charles Wolhaupter, [1858]; the death of Benjamin Wolhaupter, [1857]; and "Bliss Carmen, the Young Poet".

19 Framed silhouette of C.P. Brennan, wife of Benjamin Wolhaupter; cut 1814. Transferred to MS44/222.

20 Wolhaupter Collection of Pressed Wild Flowers.

Adder's Tongue Arethusa

Arethusa Ophioglossiodes


Blue Eyed Grass

Sisyrinchium Ancefus

Blue Flag

Iris Versicolor

Blue Vervain

Bulbous Arethusa and Adder's Tongue

Bulbous Wiethusa

Arethusa Bulbosa

Canadian Rhodora

Rhodora Canadeusis

Common Blue Vervain

Verbena Hastata

Common Tiarella

Tiarella Cordifolia

Common Yellow Sily

Silium Canadeuse


Oxycoccus Laccinium Macrocarpon


Dog Bane

Arocynum Androsamifolium

Downy Spiroea Hardhack

Spireoa Tomentosa

Dutchman's Breeches

Corydalis Cucullaria

Early Anemone and Claytonia

Erect Trillium

Trillium Erectum


Fall Anemone

Anemone Virginiana

Fall Golden Rod

Solidago Altissima

Fimbriated Orchids

Orchis Fimbriata

Fimbrated Orchis

Fly Honeysuckle

Xylosteum Ciliatum

Fly Honeysuckle

Fringed White Orchis

Orchis Blephariglottis

Fringed White Orchis and Dwarf

Ground Laurel

Epigoea Repens

Ground Laurel

Epigoea Repens

Ground Laurel and Sessile Leaved

Epigoea Repens & Uvularia

Hare Bell & Woodsorrel

Heart Leaved Soosestrife

Sysimachia Cilita

Indian Turnip - Dragon Root

Arum Tripyllum

Labrador Tea

Ladies Slipper

Cypripedium Acaule

Ladies Slipper

Neottia Cernua

Ladies Slipper

Linncea Borealis

Looses Trife

Many Flowered

Polygonatum Couvallaria

Solomons Seal



Asdepias Syriaca


Mountain Laurel

Mountain Laurel

Northern Calla

Calla Palustris

Northern Dracena

Dracena Borealis

Painted Trillium

Trillium Pictum

Pidgeon Berry

Red Actoea Cohush

Actoea Rubra

Round Leaved Cornel

Cornus Circinata

Round Leaved Sun


Round Leaved

Pyrola Rotundifolia


Round Leaved Winter-green (Pyrola)

Sarge Bindweed

Convolvulus Sefrium

Silverweed. Wild Lansey

Potentilla Ansernia

Sinear Claytonia

Claytonia Virginica

Snake Head

Chelone Glabra

Spiked Willow Herb and Bulbous

Sweet Scented White

Viola Blanda & Viola

Violet and

Frubesceus Impatiens

Touch Me Not


Tufted Vetch

Nicia Cracca


Linnoea Borealis






White Spiroea Meadow Sweet

Spiroea Alba

21 Letter to Benjamin Wolhaupter.