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Provincial Archives of New Brunswick

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MC300 MS45Meteorological Services of Canada. Fredericton Fonds

Dates of Creation
1874 - 1922

Physical Description
47cm.- Microfilm F13165

Administrative History
Meteorology developed as a serious science during the mid-19th century. This interest in weather forecasting followed the invention of the thermometer and barometer and explanations of atmospheric conditions, all in the 17th century. Tidal and climatology observations were recorded in weather stations and by volunteers. Meteorological services was one of the responsibilities assigned to the federal Department of Marine and Fisheries at its establishment in 1867. This function was transferred to the newly formed Department of Transportation in 1936 and moved again to the new Department of the Environment in 1970.

Sources: "Weather Forecasting," Canadian Encyclopedia, Volume IV, 1988; "Meteorology," Encyclopedia Britannica , 1960. These registers were maintained by the federal Department of Marine and Fisheries

Scope and Content
This series includes 51 registers of meteorological observations made at Fredericton between 1874 and 1922. The observations are of lowest and highest daily temperature, barometric pressure, cloud formation, sunshine, and wind.

Custodial History
The material in this collection was assembled by the York-Sunbury Historical Society and deposited with the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick in 1968. New material continues to be added.

Language
English

Restrictions
No restrictions

Finding Aid
An inventory is available.

INVENTORY

1 January 1, 1874 - October 2, 1874

2 January 1, 1874 - December 31, 1874

3 January 1, 1878 - July 2, 1878

   (see 31-33 for registers for August - December 1881,
January - December, 1882, January - December, 1883



4 July 1, 1883 - December 31, 1883

5 July 1, 1887 - January 1, 1888

6 September 1, 1894 - January 1, 1895

7 October 1, 1895 - April 5, 1896

8 April 6, 1896 - October 5, 1896

9 January 1, 1905 - July 1, 1905

10 January 5, 1907 - June 29, 1907

11 July 6, 1907 - January 4, 1908

12 January 1, 1908 - June 30, 1908

13 July 1, 1908 - December 31, 1908

14 January 1, 1910 - July 2, 1910

15 15 July 3, 1910 - December 31, 1910.

16 January 7, 1911 - July 1, 1911

17 January 1, 1912 - July 7, 1912

18 July 7, 1912 - December 31, 1912

19 January 1, 1913 - June 30, 1913

20 July 5, 1913 - December 27,1913

21 January 1, 1914 - June 20, 1914

22 December 13, 1914 - June 19, 1915

23 June 21, 1915 - January 1, 1916

24 July 8, 1917 - January 5, 1918

25 January 6, 1918 - January 13, 1918

26 July 14, 1918 - January 4, 1919

27 January 3, 1920 - July 3, 1920

28 July 4, 1920 - January 1, 1921

29 July 10, 1920 - January 1, 1921

30 January 1, 1922 - December 31, 1922 Records of Sunshine: Records of the hours of sunshine per day, Fredericton, N.B.


31 August, 1881 - December, 1881

31 August, 1881 - December, 1881

32 January - December, 1882

33 January - December, 1883

34 January, 1884

35 January, 1902 - April, 1903

36 May, 1903 - August, 1904

37 September, 1904 - December, 1905

38 January, 1906 - December, 1906

39 January, 1909 - April, 1909

40 May, 1909 - December, 1909

41 January, 1916 - December, 1916

42 January, 1921 - December, 1921

    Records of Wind Observation: recordings of the direction and velocity of the wind,Fredericton, N.B.


43 January, 1921 - December, 1921

44 May 15, 1907 - May 20, 1908

45 January, 1911 - December, 1911

46 January, 1913 - December, 1913

47 January, 1914 - December, 1914

48 January, 1915 - December, 1915

49 January, 1918 - December, 1918

50 January, 1920 - December, 1920

51 January, 1921 - December, 1921


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