Provincial Archives of New Brunswick

Pioneers, Ploughs, and Politics: New Brunswick Planned Settlements

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Arrival of Scottish Settlers Settling In

On to New Kincardineshire
The Scottish settlers bedded down for the night in the Fredericton courthouse, but they were up early the next morning to attend worship services. Many of them made their way to St. Paul's Church, known as the Old Kirk, for nearly all the newcomers were Presbyterian. The following day the steamer Ida Whittier carried them up the St. John River to Kilburn's Landing, the nearest point to their destination. The colonists who had stayed behind in Saint John boarded the steamer Rothesay at Indiantown on Monday morning for the trip to Fredericton, where they too lodged overnight in the courthouse before embarking on the steamer, City of Fredericton, for the trip to the Landing, located at the mouth of the Muniac Stream.
By 14 May both groups had arrived at their final destination. The excitement of reaching New Kincardineshire soon turned to dismay when colonists discovered the promises made in Captain Brown's prospectus had not been fulfilled. Of the 90 log cabins that were to be built, only 40 had been started and just two completed. To add to these problems, no land had been cleared and made ready for cropping, the logging road into the settlement had not been completed, no roadways within the settlement had been built, the upland areas were still covered with two feet of snow, and the ground in low-lying areas had turned to mud, making travel difficult.