Provincial Archives of New Brunswick

Pioneers, Ploughs, and Politics: New Brunswick Planned Settlements

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Settling In More Colonists Arrive

The Work Begins
The colonists who remained set to work felling trees, pulling stumps, and piling logs. This was heavy work at the best of times, but particularly for former farmers, labourers, and tradesmen who lacked skills in swinging axes and using saws. Swarms of black flies and mosquitoes plagued the newcomers, as they cleared the land and packed plaster and moss between the logs of their homes to keep out insects and the weather.
Although the settlers were busy on their lots, some found additional work in nearby communities as farm hands and day labourers which gave them money to purchase food and supplies. Road work was also available for which the government paid $1.00 per day. Others accepted employment on the railway; however, this source of income dried up temporarily early in 1874 after the contractor went bankrupt.